Understanding Your Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) Options

Becoming a parent is an experience that completely changes your life, no matter which path you take. In California, there are many options for those hoping to experience the joys of parenthood. As you learn about different assisted reproductive technology options, consider which options are viable solutions for your family.

In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF) and Embryo Transfer

One widely known ART option is in-vitro fertilization. In this process, one or multiple eggs are fertilized by sperm outside the body. After embryos develop, the prospective parents and their doctor will decide how many embryos to transfer. The remaining embryos may be frozen. The embryos are then implanted in the uterus. About two weeks later, a follow-up appointment will reveal whether or not the embryos have implanted.

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection

Intracytoplasmic sperm injection is a fertility treatment often used in cases of male infertility. After eggs are retrieved from the female during the in-vitro fertilization process, doctors use the ICSI procedure to facilitate the development of an embryo. Each egg is fertilized with an individual sperm cell. This may be an option when standard IVF fertilization methods have been unsuccessful.

Blastocyst Transfer

Blastocyst transfer is a testament to the growth of assisted reproductive technology over the years. This technique, when paired with in-vitro fertilization, may allow couples to choose the healthiest embryos possible and increase the chance of a successful pregnancy—without introducing the risk of a multiple pregnancy. A blastocyst is an embryo at an advanced stage of development. Care providers can work with couples to select the most viable embryos and transfer fewer embryos, reducing the risk of twins or triplets.

Egg Donation

Egg donation is an option in cases of female infertility or male couples wishing to become parents. A donor undergoes treatment to increase their fertility and increase their ovulation rate. A doctor retrieves the eggs, fertilizes them in a laboratory, and implants the resulting embryos in the mother’s or surrogate’s uterus. Egg donation is a procedure with a high success rate and, if it yields an embryo, may allow a woman with infertility issues to experience pregnancy and birth.


Although it may be one of the most expensive solutions for infertility, surrogacy is an option that minimizes invasive treatments for would-be parents. An approved surrogate undergoes artificial insemination or IVF. If a surrogate becomes pregnant with artificial insemination, the resulting baby carries her genes. If parents want to use the mother’s eggs, even if she is unable to carry the baby, they can use IVF to impregnate the mother’s egg and transfer the resulting embryo to the surrogate.

At Entrust Legal, we’re here to represent the needs of your growing family and protect your right to privacy. If you plan on using ART to become a parent, call us at (415) 273-9220 to discuss your legal needs.

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Christine focuses her practice on helping families and couples in a range of family law and family formation matters, including child custody and support, spousal support (alimony), dissolution of marriage (divorce), legal separation, division of property, and assisted reproduction.

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